Nigeria – The Indisputable Silent Giant
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Noted geographical features in Nigeria include the Adamawa highlands, Mambilla Plateau, Jos Plateau, Obudu Plateau, the Niger River, River Benue and Niger Delta
Africa is the second-largest and second most populous continent on earth with an estimated population in 2016 of 1.2 billion people.
However, the giant of Africa, located in West Africa along the Atlantic Ocean's Gulf of Guinea, bordered with Benin to the west, Cameroon, and Chad to the east and Niger to the north has the largest population size of about 200 million Nigerians derived from over 250 ethnic groups and languages.
Nigeria’s vast geographical features have long been an object of fascination for geographers who have spent a great deal of time studying its inherent aspects. With an actual geographical area of 923,770 sq. km of which total land area is 910,770 sq. km, the extensive coastline of Nigeria shares an approximate area of 853 km. The climatic conditions of the country vary greatly due to its close proximity to the Equator and the Tropic of Cancer. Noted geographical features in Nigeria include the Adamawa highlands, Mambilla Plateau, Jos Plateau, Obudu Plateau, the Niger River, River Benue and Niger Delta.
Nigeria has 36 states with Abuja as its Federal Capital Territory.
Nigeria is rich in varied natural resources some of the prominent minerals are natural gas, petroleum, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, lead and zinc. The exhaustive wildlife of Nigeria attracts nature lovers from different parts of the world and the most popular animals found in the jungles of Nigeria are--- elephants, buffalo, lions, leopards, antelope, monkeys, jackals and hyenas.
Nigeria is a mixed economy and emerging market, with expanding manufacturing, financial, service, communications, technology and entertainment sectors. It is ranked as the 30th-largest economy in the world in terms of nominal GDP, and the 23rd-largest in terms of purchasing power parity. The economy of Nigeria has improved tremendously with foreign investment aided by high quality research and development. In a recent report, The Nigerian economy attracted a total investment inflow of $27.9bn in three years. Documents of the country’s investment inflows revealed that the investment came in from three main sources. They are foreign direct investments, portfolio investment and other investments, which include trade credit, loans, currency deposit and other claims. This excludes the $22 billion remittance of the Nigerians in diaspora in 2017, World Bank.
Although there are cultural divisions amongst Nigerians, Nigerians have continued to share a strong commitment to individual liberties and democracy. In addition, in spite of instances of extremism, most Nigerians continue to peacefully coexist with each other, and a common Nigerian identity has been fostered amongst the more-educated and affluent Nigerians as well as with the many Nigerians who leave small homogeneous ethnic communities to seek economic opportunities in the cities where the population is ethnically mixed.